National Scientific Centre “Institute of Agriculture of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences’ history started in 1900 with the creation of agrochemical laboratory Kiev Society of agriculture and agricultural industry to meet the needs of existing owners, conducted analyzes of soil samples and seeds will help increase agriculture. During the Stolypin agrarian reform for the first time in Tsarist laboratory soil mapping was carried out 22 districts. After the Civil War, it was examined soil zone beet-and bavovnosiyannya. In 1928, the lab was transformed into the Ukrainian Research Institute of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, which in 1935 renamed the Ukrainian Research Institute of socialist agriculture. His team has developed a scientifically based classification of soil granulometric composition, defined the nature and properties of colloidal parts and water-physical properties. The results of the late 40’s – early 50’s formed the basis for designing and South Krasnoznam’yanskoho main channels in the area of irrigation and hydroelectric Kahovskoy development of agriculture on irrigated land. In the years 1957-1961 the Institute conducted the comprehensive survey of soil Kyiv, Rivne and Chernihiv regions, prepared for farm soil maps of these areas (with the characteristics of their properties and their recommendations for improvement). Institute of processed high-performance scientific basis of agriculture, developed a theoretical basis for the creation of crop rotation, optimizing seed wedge, principles of anti-erosion measures of soil and its fertilization.
Most significant contribution researchers institute in the theory and practice of combating soil erosion is the development and implementation of soil with contour farming and reclamation of the territory. This work was in 1991 awarded the State Prize of Ukraine in Science and Technology of the Government of Ukraine and laid the basis for the concept of the development of agriculture. Institute staff developed a scientific basis for reproduction and fertility regulation light soils, chemical reclamation of acidic and alkaline soils, intensive cultivation technology processed cereals and legumes, the introduction of which used to obtain in 1986-1990 the highest in the history of Ukraine the average gross yield of grain and production technologies flax growing feed creation and use (for the first time in Ukraine) irrigated pasture, technology getting fixing nodule bacteria, azotobakterynu and fosforobakterynu. On the initiative of the Institute established plant laboratory for the production of these drugs. In 1945, the institute started breeding work. During this time created almost 250 varieties and hybrids of different crops. Now breeding work is done from 22 cultures. In the Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine is 127 varieties and hybrids and 7 considered promising, which annually seeded 2.5 million acres, 16 varieties are sortovyprobuvani. The results of breeding work with winter wheat and maize awarded the State Prize of the USSR and Ukraine in Science and Technology. Economy of Ukraine Institute annually sells about 1,700 tons of elite seeds of cereals and grasses. NSC “Institute of Agriculture NAS” – the main agency of the Scientific Center “Agriculture” since the early 50’s, he is the center of research of agricultural production, Kyiv region. It employs 399 staff, including 17 doctors and 81 candidates of sciences. In the system of the National Research Center are Kiev and Panfylska research station Kopylivske experimental field and experimental farm “Shepherds”. N status of a national research center, “Resolution of the Presidium of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences and the Order of the Ukrainian Academy of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Agriculture UAAS was renamed the National Research Center “UAAS Institute of Agriculture.”
In postgraduate and doctoral study 68 people. Specialized academic council of doctoral and master’s theses. Only in the postwar years has trained more than 800 candidates and doctors. During the period of agencies completed more than a thousand scientific and technical developments. Workers prepared to print more than 200 books and monographs, returned 250 copyright varieties and hybrids of plants, 82 of the certificate of registration of varieties and with 8 and 113 patents on varieties and inventions. NSC “Institute of Agriculture Naan” from his highly-skilled human potential was the progenitor of the now well-known at home and abroad research institutes – the Institute feed Institute kartoplyarst va, Institute of Agricultural Microbiology, Institute of Agriculture Woodlands, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Biology, Institute of Transcarpathian agricultural production NAAS. In 1978, the institute was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor in 2002 – Diploma of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. A major contribution to the development of agricultural science and agricultural production made famous scientists who worked in the firm: AI Dushechkin, MN Hodlin, DP Protsenko, DC Skorodumov, SA Samtsevych, SM Bugay, AN Kolobov, NB Vernander, IL Kolosha, JP Myryuta, A. Wyszynski, DF Pawnbroker, PA Dmytrenko VM Lebedev, NN Butseroha, GM Samburu, CA Savitsky, O. Lazurskii, FA Popov, M. Kuksin, V.O.Pastushenko and others. Institute staff currently working on the implementation of 15 state scientific and technical programs NAAS of Ukraine, a number of projects of the Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and other agencies carried out to stabilize land use, increased productivity of crop and livestock sectors of our country.
Scientific and technical support agriculture institute carries through exhibitions and fairs, auctions, advertising, scientific research, participation in the activities of associations, joint stock companies, using other forms and methods of implementation of scientific achievements and excellence. Institute is headed by Doctor of Agricultural Sciences professor, corresponding member of NAAS of Ukraine Viktor Kaminsky. Institute commercially provides consultative and methodological assistance and information services, performs the necessary research work.